Helping Children Succeed


As a parent with a child of average or above average intelligence you start to notice they have difficulty in performing or completing tasks that should be well within their ability. They appear to have more difficulty than their peers and their progress falters. Parents and teachers often wonder why a child struggles and things appear to regress and despite extra support they don't seem to make the expected progress.

Not listening, fidgeting, daydreaming, not trying hard enough, needs to go to bed earlier as tires easily, cannot sit still - Maybe these are similar to comments from your child's teacher.

Many children with such difficulties have neuro-developmental delay (NDD) and auditory processing difficulties.

Symptoms of NDD

  • Difficulty in riding a bike
  • Difficulty in learning to tell the time
  • Difficulty in learning to write or spell
  • Difficulty in learning to swim
  • Mixed handedness (above 8 years of age)
  • Finds it difficult to sit still
  • Poor hand-eye co-ordination
  • Anxiety
  • Speech problems
  • Trouble in following instructions.

NDD can manifest itself in the following ways

Specific Learning Difficulties

  • Dyslexia
  • Dyspraxia
  • Speech & language delay
  • ADD

Co-ordination Problems

  • Balance
  • Hand eye co-ordination
  • Messy eater
  • Clumsiness

Behavioural Problems

  • ADHD
  • Poor impulse control
  • Withdrawn/Anxiety
  • Bed wetting

What causes NDD?

It is unlikely that any single factor can be identified as the cause. It is more likely to be a combination of factors which have led to the persistence of primitive reflexes beyond the normal age of inhibition. Hereditary factors can play a part in abnormal reflexes, as do factors influencing pregnancy, the birth process and infancy.

What is Neuro Developmental Delay (NDD)?

NDD is the continued presence of a cluster of primitive reflexes, above the age of one year, and the absence or underdevelopment of postural reflexes above the age of three and a half years. Each one of us is born with a set of primitive reflexes (sometimes known as 'survival reflexes'), which should be inhibited or controlled by a higher part of the brain during the first years of life.

If these are not inhibited at the correct time, they remain active in the body, and may impede subsequent motor control, eye functioning, eye-hand co-ordination and perceptual skills. Frustration, hyperactivity and hypersensitivity may be further symptoms, as the child finds it difficult to perform daily tasks to his true level of potential, while to all outwards appearances he is perfectly normal.

The Assessment procedures are as follows:

A questionnaire is used to determine the suitability and this is usually returned prior to the initial assessment. If your child scores 7 or more 'yes' answers on the questionnaire, and is at least 7 years of age, it is recommended you arrange a consultation. Click here to download questionnaire.

The Initial Consultation

This is a one hour appointment to evaluate the suitability of a full diagnostic assessment The Initial Consultation is a fact-finding session to decide whether further assessment and treatment would be helpful. It consists of an in-depth history taking and provides you with an opportunity to ask questions concerning INPP and discuss your child's particular difficulties.

Diagnostic Assessment:

This is a three hour appointment to provide a detailed analysis of current abilities and is used to identify the starting point of the intervention.

Report Reading:

This is a one hour appointment where the results following the initial and diagnostic assessments will be explained to you in detail. A copy of the Report will also be provided for you. If required, a detailed Educational report can be requested.

Review Appointments:

The review appointments happen every six to eight weeks and are an hour and a half in duration. Updated assessments are used to help measure progress, and to update the intervention programme.


Treatment is drug free and non-invasive

INPP Movement Programme

This comprises of a series of physical exercises based on early movements by the developing child in the first year(s) of life. The exercises are designed to re-train the brain and making the reflex pathways more efficient... This improves control of balance, posture, voluntary movements, visual functioning and visual perception.